For waves with a small wavelength, such as gamma rays and X-rays, the photons have a lot of energy.
For longer wavelengths, such as visible or infrared wavelengths, the photons have less energy.
When the photons are emitted in the centre of the Sun, they are very energetic (gamma rays), but by the time they've bounced around loads and loads of times (loosing a little bit of energy each time) they get very tired and end up as photons of visible light.
In the radiative zone, the high energy photons interact with other particles - electrons, protons and the nuclei of other elements - and are scattered in all directions. It's like a giant pin ball machine!
Each interaction means that the photon sets off in a new (random) direction and loses some energy. This changes the photon's wavelength slightly so that by the time the energy reaches the surface, it appears as a photon of visible light rather than a gamma ray.
Photons are "packets of light".The photons produced in the fusion reactions in the Sun are very energetic, mostly X-rays and gamma rays.